Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)


Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

The term “inflammatory bowel disease” (IBD) refers to conditions where the tissues in your digestive tract have experienced persistent (chronic) inflammation. IBD can have various forms.

Inflammatory colitis:
The lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum are affected by this disorder, which causes inflammation and sores (ulcers).

Crohn’s illness:
The lining of your digestive tract may become inflamed in this type of IBD, which frequently affects the deeper layers of the digestive tract. The small intestine is most frequently impacted by Crohn’s disease. However, it can also harm the upper gastrointestinal tract and, less frequently, the large intestine.

Diarrhea, rectal bleeding, stomach pain, exhaustion, and weight loss are typical symptoms of both ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.

IBD is simply a minor ailment for some individuals. Others suffer from a life-threatening ailment that makes them very weak.

Symptoms Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

Depending on the level of inflammation and the location of the inflammation, inflammatory bowel disease symptoms can vary. Mild to severe symptoms are possible. Periods of active sickness are likely to be followed by intervals of remission.


The following signs and symptoms are shared by both Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis:

  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Constipation and cramping
  • Stool with blood Appetite decline
  • Unwanted loss of weight

When to see a doctor

Consult a medical professional if you notice a consistent change in your bowel habits or if you exhibit any inflammatory bowel disease symptoms. Even while inflammatory bowel disease seldom results in death, it is a serious condition that occasionally may result in life-threatening consequences.

Causes Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

Inflammatory bowel disease’s precise origin is still uncertain. Stress and food were once thought to be contributing factors to IBD, but doc tors now understand that they do not actually cause the condition.


Immune system dysfunction is one potential factor. The immune system attacks the cells in the digestive tract when it launches an unusual immune response in an effort to combat an invading virus or bacteria.

There are several gene mutations that have been linked to IBD. IBD appears to be more prevalent in people who have family members who have the condition, which may be related to heredity. However, this family history is not present in the majority of IBD patients.

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